Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was created on October 16, 1945 and is one of the specialized bodies of the UN. The main objective of the Organization is to eliminate hunger in the peoples of the world; October 16 is currently foreseen as World Food Day. Among its functions, it advises States by providing them with data on fisheries, agricultural, livestock and forestry matters, in order to obtain more optimal food for the benefit of the world population. FAO is well known for its World Food Conferences. However, at present the FAO has been quite criticized since it has been understood that it does not comply with the space of understanding that should be in which solutions to the world's problems on food are found, in addition to the confrontation that it has had with other institutions of the United Nations System such as the World Food Program (WFP), even coming to understand that FAO no longer has a reason to exist. FAO is headquartered in Rome, Italy. In the Constitutive Treaty of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the following is expressed: “The States that accept this Constitution, determined to promote the general welfare by intensifying individual and collective action to the purposes of: raising the levels of nutrition and life of the peoples under their respective jurisdiction; improve production performance and distribution efficiency of all food and food and agricultural products; improve the conditions of the rural population; and thus contribute to the expansion of the world economy and to free humanity from hunger; hereby constitute the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, hereinafter referred to as the "Organization", through which Members shall inform each other of the arrangements they adopt and the progress achieved in the fields of activities set forth. previously".